‘The time is now’: A SGISD professor’s fight for disability rights

Gray Milkowski | December 03, 2021
Valerie Karr

Image by: Gray Milkowski



包容并不重要,因为这是一项政策,重要的是因为这些是全国正规网赌平台的邻居.



瓦莱丽·卡尔与全国正规网赌平台的关系始于距离哥伦比亚角6500英里的地方.

Karr was in Doha, Qatar, 参加一个关于残疾人权利的会议,这是她为沙法拉残疾人中心策划的, 邀请了世界各地的第一夫人和残疾人权利倡导者,讨论《全国正规网赌平台》(United Nations Convention on the残疾人权利公约).

Also at the conference was William Kiernan, 世界上最著名的残疾人就业政策和实践专家之一. The two connected, 卡尔对倡导的固执承诺在多年后留下了这样的印象, 2013年,基尔南成立了马萨诸塞州波士顿大学全球包容和社会发展学院(SGISD), he asked her to join the faculty.

“It really fit the work that I do,” Karr said of SGISD. “我真的很喜欢这样一个事实,那就是它不仅仅是一个专门针对残疾人的项目,而是致力于更广泛的包容性.”

Karr, an associate professor of international development, works on disability inclusive development, 它正在研究如何将弱势群体——残疾人纳入其中, and girls—in development opportunities. 她负责在残疾人和弱势群体历来被排除在外的国家建立和实施包容问责制.

Working with Inclusive Development Partners, 她与人共同创办了一家小型企业,现在担任总裁, 卡尔与联合国和各发展机构合作,实施包容议程, 哪一个近年来成为全球优先考虑的机构成立后 Sustainable Development Goals这是第一次承认残障人士的参与 Leave No One Behind initiative. 

“It’s addressing the question of who are society’s most vulnerable, and who are the most left behind," said Karr, describing the mission behind her work. “It’s something that’s never been done before.”

Karr in Lebanon.

Karr in Lebanon, 在2018年对一群参加SGISD名为PhotoVoice的项目的叙利亚难民妇女发表讲话. Photo courtesy of Valerie Karr. 

这是她在过去十年的职业生涯中一直致力于解决的问题.

“It means inventing a lot of new systems in each country,” she says. “The U.S. 系统已经做了很多伟大的工作,但全国正规网赌平台不需要花50年在世界其他地方复制它. 事实上,从文化上讲,如果全国正规网赌平台试图复制一份副本,可能根本行不通. So, it’s about what is a good fit.”

“It’s why I like being an applied practitioner, because it’s asking what’s feasible, what’s achievable, 全国正规网赌平台能做些什么来推进全国正规网赌平台的目标和履行全国正规网赌平台的义务.”

卡尔引用了她最近在美国国际开发署在尼泊尔、马拉维和柬埔寨的项目中所做的工作. The project is known as MCSIE, or the Multi-Country Study on Inclusive Education, 它还就如何使课堂更具包容性为各国政府提供了个性化的支持和建议. Much of the work is policy-related, but she argues that the most important work happens on the ground.

“It’s how do we identify children with disabilities, how do we train teachers to be more inclusive, 以及全国正规网赌平台如何(为有需要的学生)提供支持和服务,” she notes.  “像需要眼镜这样简单的问题——你会去哪里……这个难题的每一块都有其复杂的发展挑战。.”

卡尔对全球包容社区如此重要的原因之一是,她把一个教育家的视角带到了政治家和律师传统上负责解决的问题上. 她在基础教育和特殊教育方面所接受的医学教育,至今仍在影响着她的政策制定和倡导.

它支持了她,特别是当她帮助建立关于美国语言的知识.N. 《正规网赌网站》,教育是其中的一项重要内容.

Karr with a group in Lebanon.

Karr, seen with participants in the PhotoVoice project in Lebanon. Photo Courtesy of Valerie Karr. 

“What does it mean to have a right to education? How do we talk about that right?”, she said, thinking back to the convention’s crafting. “This isn’t just a government strategy document; we’re not only talking to each other. We're talking to a community, and everyone has an opinion. So how we talk about these things matters.”

In a global context, some have argued that inclusion is a cumbersome topic, 特别是当考虑到世界上每个国家的情况时, many of which have other priorities to think about. 但卡尔坚决不同意,他强调包容是关于人的. 

“包容并不重要,因为这是一项政策,重要的是因为这些是全国正规网赌平台的邻居. These are our friends. These are our family members. 这些人有权利和其他人一样参与进来。. “If you come at it from that basic premise, 然后这种动力以一种新的、积极的方式吸引人们."

Karr knows that there is a lot of work to be done, 但她相信,在包容残疾人和其他弱势群体方面,全国正规网赌平台在全球范围内处于比以往任何时候都更好的地位,能够做出有意义和真实的改变.

“我希望未来全国正规网赌平台能实现这样一个社会,残疾人和他们的家人不必为满足他们的基本需求和权利而奋斗,” she says. “Even in the U.S., it is hard to get the supports and services that you have a right to, and you have to fight to do this, and that’s not okay.”

他说:“有些人不需要去斗争,有些人不是生来就有社会上认为的弱势,也没有人们喜欢的背景,少数族裔和女孩天生就有这些权利,他们自然而然地就有这些权利. That’s power, and that’s privilege.”

 卡尔指着她的工作和遍布世界各地的数千名同事, 谁在一起长期致力于改善这些系统.

“The attention is there, and the time is now.”

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